Additionally, a 2011 Texas Transportation Institute study found that drivers responded more slowly when either reading or writing text messages . Steps have been taken by the Obama Administration, the NTSB, Congress, safety organizations and victims and survivors of distracted driving crashes to address the issue of distracted driving. Federal public policy and state laws have ensued, yet much work still remains to be done to eliminate the threats posed by distracted driving caused by electronic devices. Implementation of a “three Es” approach to highway safety issues, enactment, education and enforcement, should be continued and enhanced. The issue of distracted driving has burgeoned with the proliferation of mobile and in-vehicle communications devices.

Despite this, intuition tells us that as long as our eyes are on the road, we perceive what’s in front of us. It’s easy to imagine the risks of removing your eyes from the road and your hands from the steering r woosh meaning wheel, but not as easy to see the risks of divided attention. This is likely part of the reason behind the ill-informed policies that prohibit hands-on talking and texting but allow hands-free conversations.

In the survey, 24% of drivers reported that they are willing to make a phone call while driving. Of those who answered their phones while driving, 58% of drivers continued to drive while talking on the phone. In an often-cited 2009 experiment, Car and Driver magazine decided to test out how drinking and driving compared to texting while driving by measuring the reaction times of subjects to a stimulus meant to mimic a car hitting the brake lights. Employers can also post safety messages in the workplace to remind employees to put their phones away when driving.

You might not have a shoulder to pull onto and, even if you do, these are very dangerous. Many accidents are caused by highway drivers who did not properly avoid someone in the emergency lane. Many technologies can reduce the risk of using your phone while driving. Many newer vehicles have Bluetooth to automatically connect your phone to the car’s audio system when you enter the vehicle. These systems can dramatically reduce the risk of using a phone while driving. Even if a driver doesn’t receive a homicide charge, texting and driving can carry many other legal consequences.

Unlike distractions such as eating, selecting pre-set radio stations, etc., electronic devices are more interactive and require greater time commitment and continual attention, response and manipulation to obtain a desired result. Crash risk increases dramatically – as much as four times higher – when a driver is using a cell phone, with no significant safety difference between hand-held and hands-free phones observed in many studies . At any given daylight moment in the U.S., approximately 660,000 drivers are using cell phones or manipulating electronic devices while driving . Of those drivers distracted during fatal crashes, cell phones are often a leading distraction, among those identified. However, problems remain with accurate attribution of cell phones to crash causes because of different state police crash report coding schema and limitations of crash databases . The public has consistently supported efforts to combat distracted driving.

‘DISTRACTED DRIVING’ IS A CATCHALL TERM that can include all sorts of behavior behind the wheel, from eating to applying makeup to texting. A distracted driver has what psychologists call “inattention blindness” – the brain does not process what is physically within eyesight, such as a red light. According to NJ.com, a court sentenced a woman to five years in prison for killing a pedestrian while texting and driving. The car ahead of her had stopped at a crosswalk to allow the pedestrians to cross.